Hales, Stephen

Hales, Stephen
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b. September 1677 Bekesbourne, Kent, England
d. 4 January 1761 Teddington, Middlesex, England
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English physiologist and inventor, author of the first account of the measurement of blood pressure.
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After attending Corpus Christi, Cambridge, he was admitted as a Fellow in 1702. During the ensuing years he was engaged in botanical, astronomical and chemical activities and research. He was appointed Minister at Teddington, Middlesex, in 1708 and remained in that post until his death. During these years, he continued to engage in a wide range of botanical and physiological activities involving studies of the nutrition of plants, blood pressure and the flow of blood in animals. He was also the inventor of improved ventilation by systems of partition and ducting, and the production of fresh water by distillation for ships at sea. The wide range of his interests did not preclude his care for his pastoral duties, and he was involved in the education of the Prince of Wales's children, although he declined a canonry of Windsor. In his writings he set a standard for the scientific method as related to principles based on facts and observation.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS 1718. Copley Medal 1739. Académie Française 1753. Founding Member, Society of Arts; Vice-President 1755.
Bibliography
1727, Vegetable Statisticks, London. 1733, Statistical Essays, London.
1734, A Friendly Admonition to the Drinkers of Brandy, London.
1736, Distilled Spirituous Liquors the Bane of the Nation, London. 1739, Philosophical Experiments, London.
1740, An Account of Some Experiments and Observations, London.
1743, 1758, A Description of Ventilators, London.
1756, An Account of a Useful Discovery to Distill, London.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Hales , Stephen — (1677–1761) English plant physiologist and chemist Born at Bekesbourne in Kent, Hales entered Cambridge University in 1696 to study theology. He was ordained in 1703 and appointed curate at Teddington, near London, in 1708 (or 1709). During his… …   Scientists

  • Hales, Stephen — ▪ English scientist born Sept. 7/17, 1677, Bekesbourne, Kent, Eng. died Jan. 4, 1761, Teddington, near London  English botanist (botany), physiologist, and clergyman who pioneered quantitative experimentation in plant and animal physiology.… …   Universalium

  • Hales, Stephen — ► (1677 1761) Físico y naturalista británico. Halló el hidrógeno sulfurado y el ácido carbónico …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HALES, STEPHEN —    scientist, born at Beckesbourn, Kent; became a Fellow of Cambridge in 1702; took holy orders, and in 1710 settled down in the curacy of Teddington, Middlesex; science was his ruling passion, and his Vegetable Staticks is the first work to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hales — Hales, Stephen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stephen Hales — (* 17. September oder 7. September 1677 bei Beckesbourn, Kent; † 4. Januar 1761 in Teddington, Middlesex) war ein englischer Physiologe und Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stephen Hales — (1677–1761) Nacimiento 1677 Bekesbourne, Kent Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stephen Hales — (17 septembre 1677 à Bekesbourne dans le Kent 4 janvier 1761 à Teddington dans le Middlesex) est un physiologiste, chimiste et inventeur britannique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hales (surname) — Hales is a surname, and may refer to* Derek Hales * E. E. Y. Hales, English historian * John Hales, English theologian * John Hales (d.1571) * Randy Hales * Robert Hales * Robert Hales (director) * Robert D. Hales * R. Stanton Hales * Stephen… …   Wikipedia

  • HALES (S.) — HALES STEPHEN (1677 1761) Physiologiste, chimiste et inventeur anglais, né à Bekesbourne, dans le comté de Kent. Après des études au collège Corpus Christi à Cambridge, Stephen Hales devient pasteur et, en 1709, il obtient la charge perpétuelle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hales — (Stephen) (1677 1761) naturaliste et physicien anglais. Il mesura, le premier, la pression sanguine (sur des chevaux) et les forces qui font monter la sève dans les plantes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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